Welcome to skin health academy by esthechoc,
where you can learn more about skin health
and key aging factors.

Why does the skin age?

  • Oxidative stress

    UV / cigarette / smoking / diet

  • Free radicals

    UV / environmental pollution

  • Inflammatory processes

    UV / diet / systemic / inflammation

  • Hypoxia (oxygen deficiency)

    capillary degeneration / diet / lack of exercice / UV

With time these factors lead to:

Collagen degradation
due to collagenase activation and
reduction of collagen synthesis

Decrease in skin
elasticity and firmness

Skin microcirculation impairment,
causing malnourishment and
hypoxia of cells and tissues

Skin dehydration -
due to reduction of
hyaluronic acid and
glycosaminoglycan level

Cellulite -
improper fat distribution

Slow metabolism -
hampered skin
regeneration processes

How to slow down the ageing process?

Increase the content
of skin antioxidants


Improve skin
oxygen saturation

endothelial function

processes in the skin


in capillaries

All the above processes can be efficiently aided by supplying the skin with Cocoa Epicatechin Polyphenols [4] and Astaxanthin [1]-[3] reported to be nature's strongest antioxidant (6000 times more powerful than vitamin C and 500 times more powerful than vitamin E).

Cocoa Epicatechin Polyphenols
  • [1] Y. M. A. Naguib, “Antioxidant activities of astaxanthin and related carotenoids,” J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 48, pp. 1150–1154, 2000.
  • [2] R. G. Fassett and J. S. Coombes, “Astaxanthin in cardiovascular health and disease,” Molecules, vol. 17. pp. 2030–2048, 2012.
  • [3] N. Shimidzu, M. Goto, and W. Miki, “Carotenoids as singlet oxygen quenchers in marine organisms,” Fish. Sci., vol. 62, pp. 134–137, 1996.
  • [4] L. S. Latham, Z. K. Hensen, and D. S. Minor, “Chocolate-Guilty Pleasure or Healthy Supplement?,” J. Clin. Hypertens., vol. 16, pp. 101–106, 2014.

Antioxidants role in skin health

As you get older, your skin ages and its metabolism slows down. This process cannot be avoided however you can effectively delay it and reduce its negative effects.

  • Fibroblast stimulation to collagen and elastin synthesis that results in flattening of wrinkles and increase of density, firmness and elasticity of skin. [3]
  • Repair and build-up of collagen destroyed by UV radiation. [1], [2]
  • Stimulation of callosity and re-building of damaged epidermis. [3]
  • Immunity boost and improvement of the skin healing processes. [5]
  • Improvement of both dry skin and oily skin lipid management.
  • In depigmentation processes, prevention of patchy loss of skin colouring. [6]
  • [1] S. Hama, K. Takahashi, Y. Inai, K. Shiota, R. Sakamoto, A. Yamada, H. Tsuchiya, K. Kanamura, E. Yamashita, and K. Kogure, “Protective effects of topical application of a poorly soluble antioxidant astaxanthin liposomal formulation on ultraviolet-induced skin damage,” J. Pharm. Sci., vol. 101, pp. 2909–2916, 2012.
  • [2] A. R. Rao, H. N. Sindhuja, S. M. Dharmesh, K. U. Sankar, R. Sarada, and G. A. Ravishankar, “Effective inhibition of skin cancer, tyrosinase, and antioxidative properties by astaxanthin and astaxanthin esters from the green alga haematococcus pluvialis,” J. Agric. Food Chem., vol. 61, pp. 3842–3851, 2013.
  • [3] P. Gasser, E. Lati, L. Peno-Mazzarino, D. Bouzoud, L. Allegaert, and H. Bernaert, “Cocoa polyphenols and their influence on parameters involved in ex vivo skin restructuring.,” Int. J. Cosmet. Sci., vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 339–45, Oct. 2008.
  • [4] K. Uchiyama, Y. Naito, G. Hasegawa, N. Nakamura, J. Takahashi, and T. Yoshikawa, “Astaxanthin protects beta-cells against glucose toxicity in diabetic db/ db mice.,” Redox Rep., vol. 7, pp. 290–293, 2002.
  • [5] R. Otton, D. P. Marin, A. P. Bolin, R. de C. M. dos Santos, T. G. Polotow, S. C. Sampaio, and M. P. de Barros, “Astaxanthin ameliorates the redox imbalance in lymphocytes of experimental diabetic rats,” Chem. Biol. Interact., vol. 186, pp. 306–315, 2010.
  • [6] G. Imokawa and K. Ishida, “Inhibitors of Intracellular Signaling Pathways that Lead to Stimulated Epidermal Pigmentation: Perspective of Anti-Pigmenting Agents,” Int. J. Mol. Sci., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 8293–8315, 2014.

Astaxanthin and cocoa polyphenolic epicatechins

The secret of esthechoc effectiveness is not only highly potent active substances esthechoc contains two of the strongest antioxidants known to science: astaxanthin, strong anti- flammatory substance (6000 times stronger than vitamin C!) and cocoa polyphenolic epicatechins.

During past few years the interest in oxidation processes, being one of human body aging reasons, is growing. The function of antioxidants as anti-oxidizing substances is related to their ability of absorbing some of oxygen energy. It is possible due to their special chemical structure enabling absorption of this energy. Their anti-oxidizing action mechanisms are related to their photoprotective role and scavenging free radicals. Antioxidants are substances naturally present in human diet, but only 15%* of them is used by human body. That is why they are used both in dietary supplements and in cosmetics.

Thanks to them we observe:

  • Fibroblasts stimulation to collagen and elastin synthesis what results in flattening the wrinkles and increase of density, firmness and elasticity of skin.
  • Moreover repair and building-up collagen and elastin fibers destroyed by UV radiation.
  • Stimulation of callosity and damaged epidermis re-building
  • Immunity boost and improvement of the skin healing processes
  • Normalizing of sebaceous glands operation
  • Improvement of both dry skin and oily skin lipid management
  • In depigmentation processes, as prevention of patchy loss of skin colouring

* Based on 4-week clinical trials at Lycotec Ltd., Cambridge, UK. Groups of 8 to 10 people.

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